*Sharper Hooks*
*Tighter Lines*
Brook trout




Information & facts

brook_troutSpecies Name
Brook trout
(Salvelinus fontinalis)

Common Names
Eastern Brook Trout, Brooky

Size Range
Average 12-16 inches. Brook trout can grow to 18+ inches (and several pounds) in quality populations.

Brook trout are a popular and widely distributed game fish in BC and although they are called a trout, they are actually a char, closely related to lake trout and bull trout rather than rainbow or cutthroat trout.  Also, like lake trout and bull trout or Dolly Varden, their most obvious distinctive feature is light spots on a dark background, unlike rainbow and cutthroat that have dark spots on a lighter background.  Brook trout also have the unique features of red spots surrounded by blue halos along their sides and dark wavy "worm marks" or "vermiculations" on their backs and dorsal fins.  They also have white margins on the leading edges of their ventral fins. Their tails are only slightly forked, which gives them the nickname of "squaretail" in other parts of the country.  They also have a large mouth that extends back past the eye.

How to fish for Brook Trout

Brook Trout can be found in rivers, streams, ponds, and lakes. Of all the Charr the Brook Trout can tolerate the widest variety of conditions. They thrive best in northern coldwater lakes but can exist in many conditions including brackish and tidal rivers. The average angler caught Brook Trout is under 10 inches and less than a pound. The Brook Trout mostly feeds on aquatic and terrestrial insects.

Fishing for Brook Trout can be done with ultralight spinning gear. Small spinners like Mepps, Blue Foxes, or Panther Martins tied to 4 to 6 pound test on your ultralight spinning tackle works well for most areas. Baits will also work for Brook Trout such as dew worms, crickets, bugs and also commercial baits like power bait.

Fly fishing for Brook Trout is very popular. This can be done with light fly gear. A 7 foot 3 weight fly rod with matching disc drag reel spooled with Scientific Anglers 3 wt. WF line is a great set up for Brookies. Depending on the size of fly you are using a tippet ranging from 7x to 5x should be used (2 to 4 pound test).
The following flies and sizes work well for Brook Trout in most areas and situations. Black Gnat Wet Fly sizes 10 -16, Royal Coachman Fanwing Dry sizes 10-16, Blue Dun Bivisible sizes 10- 20, Brown Bivisible sizes 10-20, Grey Hackle Yellow sizes 10 -20, Brown Hackle Peacock sizes 12-20, Cow Dung Wet Fly sizes 12 -20, Abbey Wet Fly sizes 12-16, Alder Wet Fly sizes 12 -16, Light Cahill Wet Fly sizes 12 -18, Dark Cahill Wet Fly sizes 12 -18, Coachman Lead Wing Wet Fly sizes 12 -18, March Brown English Wet Fly sizes 10-14, March Brown American Wet Fly sizes 10-14, Rio Grande King Wet Fly sizes 10-16, Royal Coachman Wet Fly sizes 10-18, Silver Doctor Wet Fly sizes 12-16, Picket Pin Wet Fly sizes 8-12, Gold Ribbed Hare's Ear Wet Fly sizes 8-16, Warden Wet Fly sizes 12-16 .

Brook Trout Fishing Tips, Tricks and Tactics

Additional Resources for Trout Fishing

Hopefully the information provided on this page will make you more successful at catching brook trout. However, you may still want to expand your research on trout fishing and look into additional resources. That’s why I’ve provided you with additional places below where you can learn more about trout fishing. If you found my trout fishing tips useful then please share my website with your fellow anglers, friends, family and co-workers.